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Current Molecular Medicine
ISSN (Print): 1566-5240
ISSN (Online): 1875-5666
VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 1
DOI: 10.2174/1566524011307010165      Price:  $58









Current and Experimental Antibody-Based Therapeutics: Insights, Breakthroughs, Setbacks and Future Directions

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Author(s): J. P. Murad, O. A. Lin, E. V. Paez Espinosa and F. T. Khasawneh
Pages 165-178 (14)
Abstract:
The premise of targeted therapy was born from an intimate understanding of the unique biological pathways and endpoints which are implicated in the development of different disease states and conditions. In addition, the identification of the most appropriate drugs to use for targeted drug therapy has aided in growing interest of the pharmaceutical industry to allocate more resources to monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapeutics. This being the case, it is important to understand antibody based therapeutics, some of the currently Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved mAbs in different disease states, as well as the future direction of mAb therapies. In this article, we will provide a critical overview, and discuss a selection of antibody based therapeutics, including their bioengineered structural and functional elements. Furthermore, a segment of the currently FDA-approved mAb antibody therapies, those in research, or in investigation for disease states and conditions ranging from autoimmune disease, inflammatory response, immunosuppression, cancer, including antibody-drug conjugates, immunotherapy, and exciting prospects for antiplatelet and antithrombotic monoclonal antibody therapeutics will be reviewed. Finally, we will discuss our predictions and aspirations for the future directions of mAb-based therapeutic interventions.
Keywords:
Antibody, antibody based therapeutics, antithrombotic agents, immune response, monoclonal antibodies
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Western University of Health Sciences, 309 E. Second St., Pomona, CA 91766, USA.