Chalcones (1, 3-Diphenyl-2-propen-1-one) are constituted by a three carbon α, β-unsaturated carbonyl system.
The biosynthesis of flavonoids and isoflavonoids is initiated by chalcones. Notable pharmacological activities of
chalcones and its derivatives include anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antibacterial, antimalarial, antituberculosis, antitumor,
antimicrobial and antiviral effects respectively. Owing to simplicity of the chemical structures and a huge variety of
pharmacological actions exhibited, the entities derived from chalcones are subjected to extensive consideration. This
review article is an effort to sum up the anti-inflammatory activities of chalcone derived chemical entities. Effect of
chalcones on lipid peroxidation, heme oxygenase 1(HO-1), cyclooxygenase (COX), interleukin 5 (IL-5), nitric oxide (NO)
and expression of cell adhesion molecules (CAM) is summarized stepwise.
Keywords: Chalcones, Anti-inflammatory, Lipid peroxidation, Heme oxygenase1(HO-1), Cyclooxygenase (COX), Interleukin
5 (IL-5), Nitric oxide (NO)
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