Atmospheric Flow Fields: Theory, Numerical Methods And Software Tools

This e-book is a collection of chapters on practical and theoretical aspects of atmospheric flows over flat and complex terrain, with applications to air pollution and wind energy. It is divided ...
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Synoptic and Mesoscale Circulations

Pp. 42-56 (15)

Simone Tascini

Abstract

Atmospheric dynamics is governed by complex mathematical relationships that have been extensively modeled and discussed in recent decades. The aim of this chapter is to quickly recall the basic governing equations along with their main applications in order to better understand Modeling references. In the bibliography, a set of reference handbooks is provided for an exhaustive presentation of these topics.

Keywords:

Advection, baroclinic condition, barotropic condition, circulation, conservation of momentum, Coriolis force, cyclostrophic flow, divergence, geopotential height, governing equation, gradient flow, isentropic coordinate, lapse rate, natural coordinate system, omega function, potential temperature, Rossby number, s-coordinate system, thermal wind, wind velocity.

Affiliation:

School of Architecture and Design “E. Vittoria”, Camerino University, Ascoli Piceno, Italy