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Anti-Diabetic Compounds and their Patent Information: An Update

Author(s): Rajesh Pandey, Narendra Kumar, Mukesh Yadav, Ravinder Nagpal, Shalini Jain and Hariom Yadav

Affiliation: Diabetes, Endocrinology and Obesity Branch, Clinical Research Center, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Keywords: Compound, diabetes mellitus, drug, hyperglycemia, insulin analogs receptor, mechanisms, organs, patents, regulation/controlling drugs, regulation, controlling drugs

Abstract:

The increasing epidemic of diabetes mellitus around the globe is increasing the risk of various other chronic diseases i.e. coronary artery diseases, myocardial infarction, hypertension, dyslipidemia and number of other complicated disorders. Diabetes mellitus is clinically characterized by a marked increase in blood glucose levels and is associated with mild hyperlipidemia. Although the prevalence of this health ailment is increasing dramatically, various therapeutic compounds have been developed to treat this disease that is available in the market as synthetic, formulated and combined forms. Recently, various compounds have come through preclinical studies and shown the therapeutic efficacy of using multiple/ specific drug targets. Recent research approaches have been based on receptors targeting, islet cell transplantation, gene expression profiling, glucagon-like peptide-1, dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors, insulin therapy, modulators of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR), glucagon receptor antagonists, insulin analogues, sensitizers and combination therapies. Furthermore various, latest findings claimed to identifying new anti-diabetic regimens with novel mechanism of action are being developed. This review provides an update on the use of approaches to the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies against diabetes and recent patents that could develop into novel therapeutics available to the clinical success for the management of the disease.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 7
ISSUE: 1
Page: [35 - 48]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1872213X11307010035