Current Cancer Drug Targets

Ruiwen Zhang 
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
1300 Coulter Drive
Amarillo, TX 79106


Non-Coding RNAs as Therapeutic Targets in Hepatocellular Cancer

Author(s): Chiara Braconi and Tushar Patel

Affiliation: Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Boulevard, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA.

Keywords: Antagomirs, HCC, LNA-antimiR, miRNA, non-coding RNA, ultraconserved, Adeno-associated Virus, Aactivator protein 1, Antigen-presenting cells, Antisense oligonucleotides, B cell lymphoma, Bcl2-modifying Factor, Cyclin dependent Kinase, Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1C p57, DNA damage-inducible transcript 4, Deoxyribonucleic acid, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Locked nucleic acid


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignancy that affects a large number of patients worldwide, with an increasing incidence in the United States and Europe. The therapies that are currently available for patients with inoperable HCC have limited benefits. Although molecular targeted therapies against selected cell signaling pathways have shown some promising results, their impact has been minimal. There is a need to identify and explore other targets for the development of novel therapeutics. Several non-protein coding RNAs (ncRNA) have recently been implicated in hepatocarcinogenesis and tumor progression. These ncRNA genes represent promising targets for cancer. However, therapeutic targeting of ncRNA genes has not been employed for HCC. The use of antisense oligonucleotides and viral vector delivery approaches have been shown to be feasible approaches to modulate ncRNA expression. HCC is an optimal cancer to evaluate novel RNA based therapeutic approaches because of the potential of effective delivery and uptake of therapeutic agents to the liver. In this review, we discuss selected ncRNA that could function as potential targets in HCC treatment and outline approaches to target ncRNA expression. Future challenges include the need to achieve site-specific targeting with acceptable safety and efficacy.

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Article Details

Page: [1073 - 1080]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/15680096112091073