Silicon and polysilicon based nanogap electrode devices have been developed. The devices are able to detect lower concentrations
of yeast at various pH values. Nanogap electrodes sense subtle changes due to molecular species perturbing the electrochemical signals
across the gap. Two different materials and size of the nanogap electrodes were used to detect the biochemical solutions.
Silicon and polysilicon nanogaps electrodes were characterized electrically by measuring the current-voltage and by optical imaging using
SEM and FESEM. The capacitance, permittivity and conductivity were measured using a dielectric analyzer to sense and to profile
pH under a simple and complex background. Polysilicon based electrode showed slightly higher sensitivity to the permittivity and conductance
as compared to silicon based electrode over the same range of concentration. The data suggest that these electrodes can be used
as low cost electrical devices for biomolecular sensing while consuming very low power (voltage).
Keywords: Dielectric analyzer, electrochemical sensing, nanogap, pH profiling, yeast extracts
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