Hospital End User Computing in Japan How to Use FileMaker Pro with Hospital Information Systems

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Organizational computing has been critical to the development of medical informatics. Many end user applications (EUAs), such as FileMaker Pro, have been applied to support medical staff work at ...
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Definition and Classification of End User Computing in This Book

Pp. 3-5 (3)

Shunji Wakamiya, Kazunobu Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Yoshihara, Tsukasa Tsunoda and Osamu Sato


In this book, we define “organizational computing” as computing where vendors assume responsibility for the development of systems or software, and “end user computing” as computing where the responsibility is assumed by the end users themselves. Moreover, we define “institutional computing (I-type)” and “staff computing (S-type)” as computing environments where systems or software is developed by staff within and outside the division of information and systems, respectively. We classify end user applications into three categories: systems in which electronic information moves interactively between hospital information systems and end user applications, systems in which electronic information moves in one direction only from the former systems to the latter applications, and systems that have no cooperation between the two.


Definition, institutional computing, staff computing, organizational computing, classification, I-type, S-type, end user applications, information systems, environments.


Department of Ophthalmology, Kawasaki Medical School, Japan