Regioselective Mononitration of Aromatic Compounds Catalyzed by Heteropolyanions-based Acidic Ionic Liquids
A Keggin heteropolyanions-based Bronsted acidic ionic liquid that combined an imidazolium cation with heteropolyanions
was synthesized and used as a catalyst for regioselective mononitration of aromatic compounds in HNO3
(67%). The reactions were carried out at 60°C to 80°C with reasonable to good yields and improved para-selectivities for
halogenobenzenes compared to those without the catalysts. In addition, this heteropolyanions-based ionic liquid could be
recovered and reused at least five times without noticeable decrease in the catalytic activity.
Keywords: Heteropolyanions-based ionic liquid, Regioselective catalysis, Aromatic compounds, Clean nitration, Green chemistry, nitronium salts, perfluorinated, imidazolium nitrate, [MIMPS]H2PMo12O40, aromatic hydrocarbons, MIMPS, chlorobenze, nitrating reagent, para-selectivities
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