Bronchoscopic procedures are at times intricate and the patients often very ill. These factors and an airway shared with the
pulmonologist present a clear challenge to anesthesiologists. The key to success lies in the understanding of both the underlying pathology
and procedure being performed combined with frequent two-way communication between the anesthesiologist and the pulmonologist.
Above all, vigilance and preparedness are paramount.
Topics discussed in this review include anesthesia for advanced diagnostic procedures as well as for interventional/ therapeutic procedures.
The latter includes bronchoscopic tracheal balloon dilation, tracheobronchial stenting, endobronchial electrocautery, bronchoscopic
cryotherapy and other techniques. Special situations, such as tracheoesophageal fistula and mediastinal masses, are also considered.
Keywords: Airway management, airway lasers, anesthesia, bronchoscopic surgery, EBUS, ENB, metallic stents, silicone stents, bronchoscopy
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