Immunohistochemical Expression of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and its Possible Role in Tumour Progression During Malignant Transformation of Atrophic Epithelium in Oral Submucous Fibrosis

Author(s): Rajiv S. Desai, Mamatha G. S, Musarrat J. Khatri, Subraj J. Shetty.

Journal Name: Current Angiogenesis (Discontinued)

Volume 1 , Issue 4 , 2012

Abstract:

Objective: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a precancerous condition characterized by extensive fibrosis of the submucosa, leading to limitation in the mouth opening. Despite its precancerous nature, role of angiogenesis in the malignant transformation of the epithelium in the background of fibrosis has not been studied in detail for OSF. Immunohistochemial expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic cytokine, implicated in tumor angiogenesis of several types, was analyzed in OSF.

Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemical expression of VEGF was evaluated on thirty (30) paraffin-embedded tissue sections of diagnosed cases of OSF and ten (10) control samples of healthy volunteers.

Results: Out of 30 cases, 18 (60%) cases showed cytoplasmic expression of VEGF in the basal epithelial cells and fibroblasts, of which 17(94%) were of mild and one (6%) of moderate intensity respectively. Remaining 12 (40%) cases of OSF and 10 controls showed no immunoreactivity for VEGF. There was no statistically significant difference observed between the disease stages and staining intensity of VEGF.

Conclusion: VEGF immunoreactivity was found to be statistically increased in OSF compared to normal healthy controls suggesting that upregulation of VEGF may play an important role in tumor progression during malignant transformation of atrophic epithelium in OSF.

Keywords: Angiogenesis, Atrophic epithelium, Immunohistochemistry, OSMF, Tumor progression, VEGF

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Article Details

VOLUME: 1
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2012
Page: [347 - 353]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/2211552811201040347
Price: $58

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