Chromatin Organizer SATB1 As a Novel Molecular Target for Cancer Therapy

Author(s): Rafeeq Mir, Saurabh J. Pradhan, Sanjeev Galande.

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 13 , Issue 13 , 2012

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Cancer progression and metastasis involve series of alterations in the expression of multitude of genes. The structure and organization of chromatin play an important role in spatial arrangement of genes inside the nucleus thereby allowing different machineries to activate or silence the transcription of genes governed by various epigenetic events. Epigenetic modifications and dynamic changes in chromatin organization by organizer proteins have recently been shown to play an instrumental role in regulating cancer-promoting genes. Special AT-rich binding protein (SATB1) is a unique type of global regulator that integrates higher-order chromatin organization with regulation of gene expression. Aberrant expression of SATB1 has been shown to promote breast, hepatocellular, prostate and various other cancers. In this review we highlight upon the role of SATB1in chromatin organization and as global regulator of gene expression during cancer development. The expression of SATB1 progressively increases with the progression of cancers and it dynamically reprograms the expression of genes that are involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition. SATB1 directly regulates the expression of ERRB2, MMP2, ABL1, E-cadherin and hence acts as key regulator in cancer development. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of regulation of SATB1 expression would therefore be extremely essential towards designing strategies to control it. Recent studies have provided important insights into regulation of SATB1 by FOXP3 and microRNAs. In this review we evaluate the potential of SATB1 as molecular target for cancer therapy.

Keywords: SATB1, chromatin organization, epigenetic modifications, metastasis, Wnt signaling, gene regulation, SATB1, chromatin organization, epigenetic modifications, metastasis, Wnt signaling, gene regulation., Cancer progression, ERRB2, FOXP3, microRNAs,

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Article Details

Year: 2012
Page: [1603 - 1615]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/138945012803530008
Price: $65

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