The review article covers the hypervalent organoantimony compounds that are with intramolecular N, O, S→Sb coordinations
synthesized in the past 20 years. We describe their structures and the related coordination chemistry, highlighting a number of hypervalent
stibines. These compounds have shown many applications in organic synthesis. They are useful reagents for reactions such as crosscoupling
and arylation with organic halides, and addition with carbonyl compounds. They can be used as Lewis acid catalysts in organic
synthesis. Furthermore, they can be utilized as catalysts or reagents for CO2 chemical fixation. It is envisaged that more hypervalent organoantimony
compounds of novel structure will be synthesized and find new applications in the near future.
Keywords: Organoantimony, Hypervalent compounds, Intramolecular coordination, Organic synthesis, Structure, Reagent, Catalyst, dimethylaminopiridine, triarylstibines, aromatic substituent, (N, N-dimethylamino)ethylferrocene.
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