CETP Pharmacological Manipulation Transforming Human into Mouse: Is this Still a Viable Hypothesis?

Author(s): Enrique Morales-Villegas, Gualberto Moreno-Virgen, Philip J. Barter.

Journal Name: Immunology, Endocrine & Metabolic Agents in Medicinal Chemistry (Under Re-organization)

Volume 12 , Issue 4 , 2012

Abstract:

Manipulating the action of the Cholesteryl Ester Transfer Protein -CETP- and transforming the human lipid phenotype into one resembling the mouse lipid phenotype, in order to reduce susceptibility to atherosclerosis, is a hypothesis based on at least three lines of scientific evidence summarized within the introduction of this article. The following aspects related to the pharmacological manipulation of the CETP are discussed within the present article: a) CETP as a controversial protein involved in heterotypic and homotypic transport of neutral lipids between different lipoproteins; b) CETP as a protein involved in atherogenic dyslipidemia associated with the insulin resistance syndrome and c) pharmacological manipulation of the CETP by using "second generation" drugs -dalcetrapib, anacetrapib and evacetrapib- focusing on the results of Phase IIb and Phase III studies published up to May 2012 . The article concludes with a review of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and current controversy on the HDL-centric versus LDL-centric theories.

Keywords: Anacetrapib CETP, CETP, cholesterol efflux, dalcetrapib, evacetrapib, HDL-C, inhibition, LDL-C, torcetrapib, RCT.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2012
Page: [266 - 278]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/187152212803521057
Price: $58

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