Alginate is a non-toxic, biocompatible and biodegradable natural polymer with a number of peculiar physicochemical
properties for which it has wide applications in drug delivery and cell delivery systems. Hydrogel formation can
be obtained by interactions of anionic alginates with multivalent inorganic cations by simple ionotropic gelation method.
Hydrophilic polymeric network of three dimensional cross linked structures of hydrogels absorb substantial amount of
water or biological fluids. Among the numerous biomaterials used for hydrogel formation alginate has been and will continue
to be one of the most important biomaterial. Therefore, in view of the vast literature support, we focus in this review
on alginate - based hydrogel as drug delivery and cell delivery carriers for biomedical applications. Various properties of
alginates, their hydrogels and also various techniques used for preparing alginate hydrogels have been reviewed.
Keywords: Alginate, hydrogels, drug delivery, cell delivery, bovine serum albumin, diclofenac sodium
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