Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness and is the third leading cause of
blindness. Genetic factors are known to influence an individual’s risk for developing AMD. Linkage has earlier been
shown to the vascular endothelial growth factor 2 (VEGF2) gene and AMD. To examine the role of VEGFR2 in north
Indian population, we conducted a case control study. Total 176 subjects were enrolled in a case-control genetic study.
Real-Time PCR was used to analyze the SNPs (rs1531289 and rs2305948) of VEGFR-2 gene. ELISA was conducted to
determine the levels of VEGFR2. A non-parametric Mann-Whitney-U test was applied for comparison of the ELISA
levels and pearson’s Chi-square test was applied to study the association of polymorphism between various groups. The
single SNP (rs1531289) AG genotype was significantly associated with AMD (OR= 2.13, 95%CI= 1.011-4.489,
P=0.047). VEGFR2 levels were found to be increased significantly in AMD patients as compared to normal controls. We
also found significant increase in the levels of wet AMD as compared to dry AMD. This study demonstrates higher levels
of VEGFR2 and frequency of AG (rs1531289) genotype in AMD patient population, suggesting the role of VEGFR-2 in
pathogenesis of AMD.
Keywords: Angiogenesis, genotype, macular degeneration, single-neucleotide polymorphism, VEGFR2, AMD, RPE, polymorphisms, retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE), CNV
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