Modified Hydrotalcite–Like Compounds as Active Fillers of Biodegradable Polymers for Drug Release and Food Packaging Applications

Author(s): Umberto Costantino, Morena Nocchetti, Loredana Tammaro, Vittoria Vittoria.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology

Volume 6 , Issue 3 , 2012

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Abstract:

This review treats the recent patents and related literature, mainly from the Authors laboratories, on biomedical and food packaging applications of nano-composites constituted of biodegradable polymers filled with micro or nano crystals of organically modified Layered Double Hydroxides of Hydrotalcite type. After a brief outline of the chemical and structural aspects of Hydrotalcite-like compounds (HTlc) and of their manipulation via intercalation of functional molecular anions to obtain materials for numerous, sometime unexpected applications, the review approaches the theme in three separated parts.

Part 1 deals with the synthetic method used to prepare the pristine Mg-Al and Zn-Al HTlc and with the procedures of their functionalization with anti-inflammatory (diclofenac), antibacterial (chloramphenicol hemisuccinate), antifibrinolytic (tranexamic acid) drugs and with benzoates with antimicrobial activity. Procedures used to form (nano) composites of polycaprolactone, used as an example of biodegradable polymer, and functionalized HTlc are also reported.

Part 2 discusses a patent and related papers on the preparation and biomedical use of a controlled delivery system of the above mentioned pharmacologically active substances. After an introduction dealing with the recent progress in the field of local drug delivery systems, the chemical and structural aspects of the patented system constituted of a biodegradable polymer and HTlc loaded with the active substances will be presented together with an extensive discussion of the drug release in physiological medium.

Part 3 deals with a recent patent and related papers on chemical, structural and release property of antimicrobial species of polymeric films containing antimicrobial loaded HTlc able to act as active packaging for food products prolonging their shelf life.

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, antibiotic activity, active food packaging, biomedical application, barrier properties, benzoate derivatives, composites, chloramphenicol hemisuccinate, drug release, diclofenac, hydrotalcites, kinetics, layered double hydroxides, mechanical properties, nano-hybrids, polycaprolactone, tranexamic acid

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Article Details

VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2012
Page: [218 - 230]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/187221012803531493
Price: $58

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