Recent Patents on Nanotechnology

Eduardo Ruiz- Hitzky  
Department of New Architectures in Materials Chemistry
Materials Science Institute of Madrid
Madrid
Spain

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LDHs as Electrode Materials for Electrochemical Detection and Energy Storage: Supercapacitor, Battery and (Bio)-Sensor

Author(s): Christine Mousty, Fabrice Leroux.

Abstract:

From an exhaustive overview based on applicative academic literature and patent domain, the relevance of Layered Double Hydroxide (LDHs) as electrode materials for electrochemical detection of organic molecules having environmental or health impact and energy storage is evaluated. Specifically the focus is driven on their application as supercapacitor, alkaline or lithium battery and (bio)-sensor. Inherent to the high versatility of their chemical composition, charge density, anion exchange capability, LDH-based materials are extensively studied and their performances for such applications are reported. Indeed the analytical characteristics (sensitivity and detection limit) of LDH-based electrodes are scrutinized, and their specific capacity or capacitance as electrode battery or supercapacitor materials, are detailed.

Keywords: Layered double hydroxides, Hydrotalcites, Electrodes, Sensors, Biosensors, Supercapacitors, Energy

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Article Details

VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2012
Page: [174 - 192]
Pages: 19
DOI: 10.2174/187221012803531556
Price: $100