Complementary Mechanism Model for the Electrochemical Mineralization

Author(s): Gustavo Rodrigues de Oliveira, Cynthia Kerzia Costa de Araujo, Carlos Alberto Martinez-Huitle, Djalma Ribeiro da Silva.

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 16 , Issue 17 , 2012

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Abstract:

Comninellis and his research group have elucidated a theoretical model that permits us to predict the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and instantaneous current efficiency (ICE), during the electrochemical oxidation of organic pollutants on a synthetic boron-doped diamond thin film electrodes (BDD) in a batch recirculation system under galvanostatic conditions. Several studies highlight the good correlation between theoretical predictions and empirical data, but it was noted that some data, from some experiments, were not in agreement with the theoretical model, since it achieved efficiencies above 100%. Recently, few studies have reported phenomena that occur in electrocatalytic systems which were not deducted in the first models. Thus, we emphasize that the mineralization of organic compounds on BDD electrodes involves not only hydroxyl radicals but also the molecular oxygen present in air, in saturated aqueous solutions or strong oxidants generated from simultaneous reactions. Therefore, this highlights summarizes the results reported by other electrochemists until nowadays to understand the electrochemical oxidation mechanisms.

Keywords: Dissolved oxygen, Hydroxyl radicals, Complementary mechanism model, Strong oxidant species, electrochemical oxidation, galvanostatic, organic pollutants, anode, hydroxyl radicals, biodegradable

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 17
Year: 2012
Page: [1957 - 1959]
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.2174/138527212803251730
Price: $58

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