Assessment Study of Small Space Debris Removal by Laser Satellites
Sang H. Choi,
Richard S. Pappa.
Space debris in Earth orbit poses significant danger to satellites, humans in space, and future space exploration
activities. In particular, the increasing number of unidentifiable objects, smaller than 10 cm, presents a serious hazard.
Numerous technologies have been studied for removing unwanted objects in space. Our approach is based on wireless
power transmission technology using a short wavelength laser stationed in orbit to vaporize these small objects or to
change the trajectory of space debris. This paper discusses the power requirements for space debris removal using lasers.
A short wavelength laser pumped directly or indirectly by solar energy can scan, identify, position, illuminate, and
eliminate the target through vaporization process or slow down the orbital speed of debris by laser detonation until it reenters
the atmosphere. This feasibility assessment covers roughly the power requirement, laser system, and a potential
Keywords: Laser satellite, laser vaporization, power satellite, space debris
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