Biosynthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles Using Freshly Extracted Sodium Alginate from the Seaweed Padina tetrastromatica of Gulf of Mannar, India
A. K. Kumaraguru.
Nanoparticles synthesized from sodium alginate are economically useful due to their wide applicability in various fields such
as food, tissue engineering, biomedical implants and drug delivery. Sodium alginate used for synthesis of silver nanoparticles was extracted
from the marine seaweed Padina tetrastromatica. The silver nanoparticles were synthesized by optimizing different parameters
such as pH, temperature, time and concentration of AgNO3. Synthesized silver nanoparticle stability was successfully maintained at room
temperature up to 72 hr. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized for their size, morphology and surface plasmon resonance
(SPR), using UV-Vis spectrum, FTIR, XRD SEM-EDX and AFM. Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles showed antibacterial activity
against multidrug resistant human pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These results suggest that
silver nanoparticles can be used as effective growth inhibitors against various microorganisms, making them applicable to diverse medical
devices and antimicrobial control systems. These biologically synthesized nanoparticles can also offer compatibility in pharmaceutical
and biomedical applications.
Keywords: Gulf of Mannar, Padina tetrastromatica, silver nanoparticles, sodium alginate, seaweed.
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