Current Bioactive Compounds

Adriano Mollica
Department of Pharmacy, University ”G. d' Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara
Via dei Vestini 31
Chieti, 66100
Italy

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Antifeedant Activity of Camptothecin and its Semisynthetic Derivatives Against Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae

Author(s): Wen-Qun Li, Ying-Qian Liu, Yong-Long Zhao, Xing-Wen Zhou, Liu Yang, Gang Feng, Liang Kou.

Abstract:

The antifeedant activities of camptothecin 1 and its semisynthetic derivatives 2-12 were evaluated against an economically important pest, Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Simple chemical conversions were carried out on the natural camptothecin obtained from a Chinese medicinal plant Camptotheca acuminate. These conversions focused on different functional modified sites in the camptothecin skeleton considered to be important for the biological activity. Among all the tested compounds, compounds 4, 5, 7 and 8 displayed more promising antifeedant activity than camptothecin 1. Especially compound 7 was found to exhibit exceptionally potent antifeedant activity with AFC50 values of 92.03μg/mL, compared to 1 and toosendanin, a commercial insecticide derived from Melia azedarach (IC50 528.40μg/mL and 91.68μg/mL, respectively). The different antifeedant activity range of compounds 1–12 indicated that variation of chemical structures in the camptothecin skeleton markedly affected the activity profiles of this compound class, and some preliminary SAR information has been observed from it.

Keywords: Camptothecin, antifeedant activity, Spodoptera litura, Structure-activity relationships.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2012
Page: [291 - 295]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/157340712802762438
Price: $58