Invasive aspergillosis: adjunctive combination therapy

Author(s): Sonam Ruhil, Meenakshi Balhara, Sandeep Dhankhar, Vikash Kumar, A.K. Chhillar.

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 12 , Issue 12 , 2012

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Abstract:

Invasive aspergillosis remains a serious opportunistic fungal infection particularly in patients with a reduced immune defense such as those with hematological malignancies or transplant recipients. The mortality of invasive infections due to Aspergillus spp. is still high. The main reasons for this are the difficulty in diagnosing of these infections and the limited efficacy of antifungal agents. There is no optimal therapy for invasive aspergillosis, and therefore many clinicians have attempted to utilize a combination approach to improve outcomes. The current antifungal classes of drugs targeting the cell wall and cell membrane may need adjunctive agents focused on separate cellular pathways that can be used in combination therapy to maximize the efficacy, a valuable alternative to the monotherapy. The endeavor of this article is to review the literature on combination therapy by using adjunctive agents against Aspergillus spp and assess its eventual usability in the treatment of invasive aspergillosis.

Keywords: Aspergillus, Aspergillosis, Adjunctive agent, Combination therapy, Monotherapy.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2012
Page: [1261 - 1272]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/138955712802762086
Price: $58

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