Psychoneuroimmunology - Psyche and Autoimmunity

Author(s): Tjalf Ziemssen .

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 18 , Issue 29 , 2012

Abstract:

Psychoneuroimmunology is a relatively young field of research that investigates interactions between central nervous and immune system. The brain modulates the immune system by the endocrine and autonomic nervous system. Vice versa, the immune system modulates brain activity including sleep and body temperature. Based on a close functional and anatomical link, the immune and nervous systems act in a highly reciprocal manner. From fever to stress, the influence of one system on the other has evolved in an intricate manner to help sense danger and to mount an appropriate adaptive response. Over recent decades, reasonable evidence has emerged that these brain-to-immune interactions are highly modulated by psychological factors which influence immunity and autoimmune disease. For several diseases, the relevance of psychoneuroimmunological findings has already been demonstrated.

Keywords: Psychoneuroimmunology, autonomic nervous system, HPA axis, stress, brain activity, sleep, body temperature, immunity, autoimmune disease, CNS.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 29
Year: 2012
Page: [4485 - 4488]
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.2174/138161212802502305
Price: $58

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