Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Anthony Atala  
Wake Forest University School of Medicine,
Medical Center Boulevard
Winston Salem, NC 27157
USA

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Calcium Salts Bone Regeneration Scaffolds: A Review Article

Author(s): Salah Hammouche, Wasim Khan, Harriet Drouin, Henry Procter, Michael McNicholas.

Abstract:

A growing array of synthetic bone regeneration scaffolds has been in use over the last century. These scaffolds aim to provide a three dimensional substrate for bone cells to populate on and to function appropriately.

The majority of commercially-available scaffolds are based on calcium sulphate salts, calcium phosphate salts, or composites of the two. The mechanical and biological properties of these scaffolds are a result of the properties of the constituent materials and their ratio in the composite.

This review addresses the mechanical and biological characteristics and provides an up-to-date summary of the clinical data available about the use of these calcium-based scaffolds. It will also assess the benefit of using stem cell technology along with this type of scaffolds. This article links between the basic science evidence and the clinical outcomes and details the commercially-available options.

Keywords: Bone healing, bone regeneration, calcium phosphate, calcium sulphate, scaffold, stem cell therapy, bone cells, bone scaffolds, bone auto-grafts.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 7
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2012
Page: [336 - 346]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/157488812802481436
Price: $58