Nonlinear Template-Free Symbolic Performance Modeling for Design and Process Variation Analysis of Analog Circuits
Pp. 343-359 (17)
Trent McConaghy and Georges G.E. Gielen
This chapter presents the CAFFEINE tool, which is a method for generating
symbolic performance models of electronic circuits without any prior specification of an
equation template. CAFFEINE uses SPICE simulation data, allowing it to handle
strongly nonlinear circuits, statistical process variations, and a variety of analysis types.
CAFFEINE expressions are canonical form functions: product-of-sum layers alternate
with sum-of-product layers, as defined by a context-free grammar. Besides the attribute
of interpretability, CAFFEINE models demonstrate lower prediction error than several
state-of-the-art regression techniques including posynomials, projection-based quadratic
models, boosted neural networks, piecewise polynomials / splines, kriging, and support
vector machines. In addition, CAFFEINE is also useful in variation-aware modeling,
behavioral modeling, and tradeoff modeling.
Symbolic analysis, symbolic modeling, template-free modeling, performance modeling,
CAFFEINE, canonical form function, SPICE accuracy, interpretability, integrated circuits, grammar,
genetic programming, evolutionary algorithm, posynomial, regression, whitebox modeling, blackbox
modeling, response surface modeling, template extraction.
Solido Design Automation Inc., Canada (formerly with Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium)