Contribution of Zeolites in Sewage Sludge Composting
Pp. 288-316 (29)
Antonis A. Zorpas
There are three kinds of sludge: sewage sludge from municipal treatment works,
septage pumped from septic tanks, and industrial sludge. All three are a growing
management problem in this state, and throughout the world. Problems associated with
sewage sludge disposal and treatment remains a challenge for the waste industry and for
many researches around the world. Sludge is presented with significant issues like heavy
metals, nitrogen, phosphorous, pathogens, organics etc. Some them when added to soil is
necessary to control the consecration due to potential toxicity and especially the heavy
metals like Cr, Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Hg, Co, Ni etc. Natural zeolites are a popular group of
minerals for collectors and an important group of minerals for industrial and other
purposes. Zeolite utilization has become popular in the last decade, due to its cation
exchange and molecular sieving properties. Zeolites have many useful purposes. They can
perform ion exchange, filtering, odor removal, and chemical sieve and gas absorption tasks.
Many researchers investigated the use of natural zeolites in several applications of sewage
sludge and they found out the final products presented with excellent characteristics. This
chapter presents the use of zeolites in sewage sludge and other treatment.
Sludge composting, land application, metals removal, metals
partitioning, compost evaluation, metals leachability, compost evaluation.
Cyprus Open University, Faculty of Pure and Applied Science, Environmental Conservation and Management, Institute of Environmental Technology and Sustainable Development. Laboratory of Environmental Friendly Technology, P.O.Box 34073, 5309, Paralimni Cyprus