Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes

Indexed in: Scopus

This e-book on diabetes epidemiology starts with the evolution in the diagnostic criteria for diabetes, particularly the changes in the last 15 years and their impact on the prevalence of the ...
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Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes

Pp. 20-28 (9)

Weiguo Gao

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus, with an increasing prevalence in both developing and developed countries, has become one of the major health threats to the human being. According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), the number of patients with diabetes is 285 million in the year of 2010 and will rise to 438 million in 2030. The greater increase will occur in the developing countries than in developed world. Most recent data have shown that the prevalence of diabetes increased about 9 folds from 1980 (1.0%) to 2008 (9.7%) in China. This explosive increase in prevalence of diabetes is mostly attributed to the increase in risk profiles at a population level including population aging, obesity, physically inactive and unhealthy diet. Diabetes prevention programs that target lifestyle intervention are urgently needed.

Keywords:

Type 2 diabetes, prevalence, secular trend, risk factors.

Affiliation:

Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, PL41, Mannerheimintie 172, 00014, Helsinki, Finland