Current Pediatric Reviews

Giuseppe Buonocore
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine
University of Siena
Siena
Italy

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Food Bioactives versus Drugs – Introduction

Author(s): Emanuel Lebenthal, Peter J.H. Jones.

Abstract:

Food bioactives represent diet based molecules that perform physiological roles related to disease prevention and/or treatment. As such considerable overlap exists between food bioactives and drugs, the purpose of this overview is to present the case for comparing and contrasting foods versus drugs in several models of health and disease, some of which are presented in further detail in subsequent chapters of this miniseries. The present review concludes that in some instances distinction is difficult between metabolic processes influenced by foods versus drugs and that the two types of compounds exerts overlapping or identical actions in prevention and treatment of disease. In summary, there appears to be evidence of a role for functional foods in disease treatment, thus we need to look at a paradigm shift to decrease the dependency on drugs and increase the use of food based materials for therapeutic use. Over the longer term, functional foods and nutraceuticals must find ways to compete with pharmaceuticals on an even playing field.

Keywords: Bioprocesses, drugs, food bioactives, metabolic actions, synergism

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Article Details

VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2012
Page: [196 - 198]
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.2174/157339612802139451
Price: $58