Osteoporosis, a widespread clinical disorder causing bones to become brittle, and liable to fracture, especially
among postmenopausal women, is a highly disabling health condition. While hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has
been effectively applied to offset this problem, long term HRT usage commonly yields highly detrimental side-effects.
Since the prevalence of disabling osteoporosis continues to increase, and pharmacologic interventions are not risk free,
examining alternative approaches to preserving bone mass among women as they age remains of considerable import. To
this end, this work provides an updated synthesis of the recent literature detailing the rationale for, plus the known efficacy
of aerobic exercises for preventing osteoporosis among postmenopausal women. It examines the effect of aerobic
exercises on bone density, particular at the hip joint, a common fracture site resulting in high rates of morbidity and mortality.
Using PUBMED, MEDLINE, WEB OF SCIENCE, and CINAHL databases, a diverse body of data revealed support
for the application of moderate, prolonged aerobic exercise for improving bone density of postmenopausal women
with few side-effects. Furthermore, along with their ability to impact bone density at the hip joint and other sites, due to
their associated cognitive and muscle neuromuscular benefits, moderate intensity aerobic exercises appear promising for
preventing falls that lead to fractures. Pending further well-designed and well-controlled longitudinal studies, it is concluded
clinicians can safely recommend moderate intensity aerobic exercises alone or in combination with strengthening
exercises to their premenopausal or perimenopausal clients in efforts to offset the anticipated excess bone losses and osteoporotic-
related hip fractures and others commonly experienced by postmenopausal women.