Structural Characterization of Hemicellulosic Polysaccharides Isolated from Bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel)

Author(s): Hong Peng, Jinsheng Zhang, Yuhuan Liu, Detao Liu, Ziping Yu, Yiqin Wan, Roger Ruan.

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 16 , Issue 16 , 2012

Abstract:

In the present work water soluble hemicellulosic polysaccharides HPW, 2% NaOH soluble hemicelluloses HPl and HPlll, and 5% KOH soluble fractions HPll and HPlV, were classically separated from bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel) aged one year. In addition to sugar composition analysis, the hemicelluloses were also elucidated by GPC, FTIR, NMR and AFM techniques. Xylose (33.70-74.09%) and arabinose (25.03-59.04%) were the main neutral sugar, with ratios of arabinose to xylose being between 0.34 and 1.70. GPC measurement showed that the fractions HPW, HPlll and HPlV precipitated in ethanol presented much broader molecular weight distribution. FTIR and NMR analysis suggested that the bamboo hemicelluloses could be mainly defined as arabinoxylans substituted by (1→2)-linked 4-O-methyl-α-D-glucuronic aid and acetyl group as side chains. AFM images of HPlll revealed a distribution of both island and rod aggregations when 0.01 mg/mL sample in 0.1 M NH4Ac solution was deposited onto freshly cleared mica and air dried.

Keywords: AFM analysis, Bamboo, Hemicellulosic polysaccharides, Molecular weight distribution, NMR analysis, Structure, Sugar composition.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 16
Year: 2012
Page: [1855 - 1862]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/138527212802651278
Price: $58

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