Mathematical Modeling of Flux in Ultrafiltration Membrane

Author(s): Abdellah Beicha, Radia Zaamouche.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Chemical Engineering (Discontinued)

Volume 5 , Issue 2 , 2012

Abstract:

Membrane processes exist for most of the fluid separations encountered in industry. The most widely used is membrane ultrafiltration, pressure driven process which is capable of separating particles in the approximate size range of 0.001 to 0.1 μm. The design of membrane separation processes, like all other processes, requires quantitative expressions relating material properties to separation performance. The factors controlling the performance of ultrafiltration are extensively reviewed. There have been a number of seminal approaches in this field. Most have been based on the rate limiting effects of the concentration polarization of the separated particles at the membrane surface. Various rigorous, empirical and intuitive models exist, which have been critically assessed in terms of their predictive capability and applicability. The decision as to which of the membrane filtration models is the most correct in predicting permeation rates is a matter of difficulty and appears to depend on the nature of the solute and membrane composition. This patent review highlights the applicability of such models to ultrafiltration.

Keywords: Ultrafiltration, Mathematical modelling, Permeate flux, Limiting flux, Gel-Polarization, Polarization-Osmotic Pressure

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2012
Page: [110 - 115]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/2211334711205020110
Price: $58

Article Metrics

PDF: 4