Naturally occurring plant alkaloids, in particular those identified from herbal medicines, are finding therapeutic
use. Heart diseases can be well managed with specific formulations of herbal medicines. The combined action of multiple
constituents of herbal medicines works with therapeutic benefits in humans. The established formulations of Traditional
Chinese medicines show efficacy in treatment of diseases. However, individual herbal principles seldom show pharmacological
activity. Nevertheless, some of the active alkaloids and terpenoids from medicinal herbs have been identified.
The pharmacological activities of these herbal compounds have been studied. These active constituents of herbal medicine
are also used in nutrient supplements, but the modes of action of the active component remain sketchy. The present review
describes the recent development of those active principles from herbal medicines as cardiovascular agents. The study will
provide insights into herbal medicines for drug development for the treatment of cardiovascular disease.
Keywords: Cardiovascular agents, herbs, active primciples, phytochemicals, pharmacologic action, Gamma-aminobutyric acid (Type A), Hydrastis canadensis. L., Phosphodiesterase (Type 5), Superoxide dismutase 1, UDP-glucuronosyltransferases
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