Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews

Joseph Varon  
The University of Texas Health Science Center
Houston, TX


Parapneumonic Empyema

Author(s): Nicole Wheeler, Riyad Karmy-Jones.


The management of empyema varies according to etiology and chronicity. Empyema most commonly arises in the setting of pneumonia. In general, early surgical drainage, using thoracoscopic approaches, are favored as they appear to be associated with quicker resolution and lower complication rates. However, anatomic and physiologic issues may affect outcomes and approaches, notably the presence or absence of thick visceral peel and/or other causes of a persistent space. In these settings, combined catheter based, medical and more aggressive surgical approaches may be required.

Keywords: Decortication, empyema, lytic therapy, parapneumonic, thoracoscopy, etiology, chronicity, visceral peel, fibrinolytic agents, pulmonary interstitial fluid.

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Article Details

Year: 2012
Page: [297 - 303]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/157339812802652189
Price: $58