Descending Necrotizing Mediastinitis: Current Strategies for Diagnosis and Treatment

Author(s): Richard K. Freeman, Theresa Giannini, Amy Vyverberg, Anthony J. Ascioti.

Journal Name: Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews

Volume 8 , Issue 4 , 2012

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Abstract:

Descending necrotizing mediastinitis is an acute, polymicrobial infection. Originating in the pharynx or neck, this necrotizing process descends into the chest producing widespread tissue necrosis. Despite the introduction of modern antimicrobial therapy and computed tomographic imaging, this form of mediastinitis has continued to produce reported mortality rates of 25% to 40%. This review discusses the pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of descending necrotizing mediastinitis with recommendations for treating physicians based on the modern literature.

Keywords: Descending, mediastinitis, necrotizing, polymicrobial infection, tissue necrosis, PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, cervicofascial infection, computed tomographic imaging, chest roentgenograms, modern.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2012
Page: [263 - 267]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/157339812802652224
Price: $58

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