Coronary CT and the Coronary Calcium Score, the Future of ED Risk Stratification?

Author(s): Leticia Fernandez-Friera, Ana Garcia-Alvarez, Gabriela Guzman, Mario J. Garcia.

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

Volume 8 , Issue 2 , 2012

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Abstract:

Accurate and efficient evaluation of acute chest pain remains clinically challenging because traditional diagnostic modalities have many limitations. Recent improvement in non-invasive imaging technologies could potentially improve both diagnostic efficiency and clinical outcomes of patients with acute chest pain while reducing unnecessary hospitalizations. However, there is still controversy regarding much of the evidence for these technologies. This article reviews the role of coronary artery calcium score and the coronary computed tomography in the assessment of individual coronary risk and their usefulness in the emergency department in facilitating appropriate disposition decisions. The evidence base and clinical applications for both techniques are also described, together with cost- effectiveness and radiation exposure considerations.

Keywords: Emergency department, acute chest pain, coronary artery calcium score, coronary computed tomography, ED, SPECT, ECG, ACS, Thallium-201

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Article Details

VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2012
Page: [86 - 97]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/157340312801784989
Price: $58

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