Jet Fuel Hydrocarbons Production from Catalytic Cracking and Hydrocracking of Soybean Oil

Author(s): Huali Wang, Shuli Yan, Manhoe Kim, Steven O. Salley, K. Y. Simon Ng.

Journal Name:Current Catalysis

Volume 1 , Issue 2 , 2012

Abstract:

Hydrocarbons representative of jet fuel were produced by both catalytic cracking and one-step catalytic hydrocracking of soybean oil in a lab-scale flow reactor. The yield of kerosene/jet fuel hydrocarbons by catalytic cracking over a commercialized ZSM-5 was as high as 21%. Both temperature and space velocity exhibited irregular effects on the product distribution. Steady state was not attained and significant amounts of tar and coke were generated during the reaction. A bifunctional hydrocracking catalyst with 1.1% ruthenium supported on ZSM-5, prepared by an impregnation method, produced a 16% yield of jet fuel, which is comparable to yields over commercialized sulfided NiMo catalysts while at a much lower pressure of 650 psi. Compared to the catalytic cracking process over ZSM-5, steady-state flow reaction was obtained with less tar and polymerized products.

Keywords: Jet fuel hydrocarbons, catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, renewable fuels, transesterification, CME, SME, biomass, hydroisomerization, hydrocracking, isotherms, thermal conductivity detectors , flame ionization, OLP, chromatogram

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Article Details

VOLUME: 1
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2012
Page: [132 - 139]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/2211544711201020132
Price: $58