Experimental Studies on Conducting Polyaniline
Fatih Dogan, Stephen Barton, Homayoun Hadavinia, Peter Mason and Peter J.S. Foot
Affiliation: SEC Faculty, School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Kingston University, London, SW15 3DW, UK.
Polymers are normally used as insulators in many industrial applications due to their high resistivity but there
are important developments where polymers can be used as conductors. Electrically conductive polymers find applications
in electromagnetic shielding, antistatic coatings, organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), electrochemical sensors, rechargeable
batteries and solar cells. However, the mechanical properties of these materials are not very favourable in
comparison with their insulating counterparts and research to enhance their mechanical properties and ease of processability
is very active. Many polymers can be produced with using similar chemical or electrochemical methods. Chemical
oxidation of polymers is strongly focused in this paper. There are also other patents related to producing conducting
polymer composition comprising a conducting polymer and some other polymer types. This paper will focus on only producing
of conducting polymers and mostly on conducting polyaniline. After the patent research, there will be some experimental
works which have been already reported previously by other researchers on this subject for making of high
electrically conducting polymers, preferably conducting polyaniline.
Keywords: Conducting polyaniline, intrinsically conducting polymers, polyacetylene, polymers, organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), electrochemical sensors, antistatic coatings, electromagnetic shielding, rechargeable batteries, solar cells
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