Current Cancer Drug Targets

Ruiwen Zhang 
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
1300 Coulter Drive
Amarillo, TX 79106


A Comprehensive Overview of Targeted Therapy in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Author(s): Z. Mihály, Z. Sztupinszki, P. Surowiak and B. Győrffy

Affiliation: Research Laboratory for Pediatrics and Nephrology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences - Semmelweis University 1st Dept. of Pediatrics, Bokay u. 53-54., Budapest H-1083

Keywords: Renal cell cancer, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, biomarkers, sunitinib, everolimus, temsirolimus


Chemotherapy and immunotherapy failed to deliver decisive results in the systemic treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Agents representing the current standards operate on members of the RAS signal transduction pathway. Sunitinib (targeting vascular endothelial growth factor), temsirolimus (an inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin - mTOR) and pazopanib (a multi-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor) are used in the first line of recurrent disease. A combination of bevacizumab (inhibition of angiogenesis) plus interferon α is also first-line therapy. Second line options include everolimus (another mTOR inhibitor) as well as tyrosine kinase inhibitors for patients who previously received cytokine. We review the results of clinical investigations focusing on survival benefit for these agents. Additionally, trials focusing on new agents, including the kinase inhibitors axitinib, tivozanib, dovitinib and cediranib and monoclonal antibodies including velociximab are also discussed. In addition to published outcomes we also include follow-up and interim results of ongoing clinical trials. In summary, we give a comprehensive overview of current advances in the systemic treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

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